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Baseball techniques

In baseball, there are many techniques and skills that players develop to improve their game. Here are the main ones, categorised by key aspects of the game.


  • Fastball. The most common pitch, executed at a high velocity. There are several types of fastballs, including four-seam and two-seam fastballs.
  • Curveball. A pitch with a strong spin that changes direction as it approaches the batter, creating a falling effect.
  • Slider. A fast pitch with side spin that swings sideways as it approaches the batter.
  • Changeup. A pitch that looks like a fastball but is much slower, which confuses the batter.
  • Knuckleball: A pitch with no spin that moves unpredictably, making it difficult for the batter to hit.


  • Stance. The correct stance and balance of the player in the batter’s box. Feet should be shoulder width apart, knees slightly bent, body weight evenly distributed.
  • Swing. Proper swing and hitting technique. A powerful but controlled swing, rotation of the hips and shoulders, and hand/eye coordination are important.
  • Bunting. A soft hitting technique for directing the ball in a controlled manner to a specific area of the field, often used to move runners.


  • Groundball. Catching a ball rolling on the ground. It is important to position the body correctly by bending the knees and lowering the glove below the level of the ball.
  • Flyball. Positioning yourself under a ball flying in the air. It is important to judge the trajectory and move to the correct spot.
  • Throwing. The technique of throwing the ball, including proper grip, arm and body movement. It is important to pass the ball accurately and quickly to a partner.

Base Running

  • Stealing a Base. A fast and powerful start from the base, including proper acceleration and gliding techniques.
  • Rounding the Bases. Correct cornering when running between bases to minimise loss of speed and time.
  • Sliding. The technique of sliding into a base to avoid a tag. There are different types of sliding, including feet first and head first.

Team Play and Strategies

  • Signs. The use of secret signals between the coach and players to coordinate actions such as pitching, hitting and moving runners.
  • Positioning. The proper positioning of fielders depending on the batter and the situation of the game.
  • Double Play. Coordination between players to get two outs in one play.

Psychological aspects

  • Concentration and Focus. The ability to maintain concentration and focus throughout the game, especially at critical moments.
  • Mental toughness. The ability to cope with pressure and setbacks, recover quickly and continue to play at a high level.

These techniques and skills are the foundation of the game of baseball and require constant practice and improvement to succeed.